national science foundation

International Polar Year Reports Widespread Global Warming

International Polar Year Reports Widespread Global Warming

GENEVA, Switzerland, February 25, 2009 (ENS) – New evidence of the far-reaching effects of global warming in the polar regions has emerged from the scientific explorations of International Polar Year 2007-2008. Snow and ice are declining in both polar regions, affecting human livelihoods as well as local plant and animal life in the Arctic, as…

Global Warming Forecast to Leave Half the World Hungry by 2100

Global Warming Forecast to Leave Half the World Hungry by 2100

SEATTLE, Washington, January 14, 2009 (ENS) – Climate change will desiccate crop yields in the tropics and subtropics by the end of this century, leaving half the world’s population facing a food crisis unless methods of adaptation are found quickly, new research shows. The area at risk stretches from the southern United States to northern…

Smart Lighting Will Save Trillions of Dollars, Gigatons of CO2

Smart Lighting Will Save Trillions of Dollars, Gigatons of CO2

TROY, New York, December 18, 2008 (ENS) – A new generation of lighting devices based on light-emitting diodes, LEDs, will supplant the common light bulb in coming years, according to a paper published this week by two professors at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Innovations in photonics and solid state lighting will lead to trillions of dollars…

Report: Jellyfish Swarms Invade Ecosystems Out of Balance

Report: Jellyfish Swarms Invade Ecosystems Out of Balance

ARLINGTON, Virginia, December 15, 2008 (ENS) – Jellyfish blooms are ruining some of the world’s most beautiful vacation spots, according to a new online report by the National Science Foundation on massive jellyfish swarms in U.S. waters and around the world. At least 150 million people around the world are exposed to jellyfish every year,…

Wildfires Send Ozone Pollution High Above Legal Limits

Wildfires Send Ozone Pollution High Above Legal Limits

BOULDER, Colorado, October 9, 2008 (ENS) – Wildfires can hike ozone pollution to levels that violate U.S. public health and environmental standards, new research has determined. The study by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research focused on California wildfires in 2007, finding that they repeatedly caused ground-level ozone to spike to unhealthy levels…

Poll: Floridians Concerned About Global Warming Dangers

Poll: Floridians Concerned About Global Warming Dangers

MIAMI, Florida, July 10, 2008 (ENS) – A new public opinion poll of Floridians finds that most are convinced that global warming is happening now and that more should be done by key leaders to help Florida deal with climate change. Sixty-five percent of those surveyed believe that global warming is already having or will…

Climate Change Warms Lake Baikal, World's Largest Lake

Climate Change Warms Lake Baikal, World's Largest Lake

SANTA BARBARA, California, May 2, 2008 (ENS) – The rising temperature of the world’s largest lake – Lake Baikal in Siberia – shows that this icy region of Russia is changing due to global warming, Russian and American scientists have discovered. This lake was expected to be among those most resistant to climate change, due…

Microorganisms Keep Large Waterways Clean, Study Shows

Microorganisms Keep Large Waterways Clean, Study Shows

MANHATTAN, Kansas, March 16, 2008 (ENS) – Nitrogen can be a valuable nutrient that fertilizes crops, lawns and public parks, but too much nitrogen in water can cause environmental problems. Nitrogen in water can cause algal blooms that consume oxygen in lakes, rivers and oceans, causing the death of fish and other aquatic animals. To…

U.S. Scientists Head to Antarctica for Climate Research

U.S. Scientists Head to Antarctica for Climate Research

WASHINGTON, DC, February 21, 2008 (ENS) – More than 30 scientists will embark on a research cruise this month to the Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica. There they will combat cold and wind to study how gases that impact climate change move between the atmosphere and the ocean under high winds and seas. The Southern…

Track Climate Change at Home With Project BudBurst

Track Climate Change at Home With Project BudBurst

BOULDER, Colorado, February 15, 2008 (ENS) – By noticing when plants bud, flower and leaf out, volunteers can track climate change as part of a nationwide initiative starting Friday. Project BudBurst allows students, gardeners, and other citizen scientists in every state to enter their observations into an online database that will give researchers a detailed…

Power Shirt Generates Electricity as Wearer Moves

Power Shirt Generates Electricity as Wearer Moves

ATLANTA, Georgia, February 13, 2008 (ENS) – Nanotechnology researchers are developing the perfect complement to the power tie – a real power shirt able to generate electricity to power small electronic devices for soldiers in the field, hikers, marathoners and anyone whose physical motion could be harnessed and converted to electrical energy. Research from Georgia…